Announced Wednesday in the scientific journal Nature, the IBM Research team said it was able to store the data on a single atom for the first time, potentially changing the way digital information is stored and accessed in the future.
The breakthrough builds on 35 years of nanotechnology history at IBM, including the invention of the Nobel prize-winning scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) which was used to create the atomic hard drive. Given that modern hard drives need about 100,000 atoms to store a single bit, this development could shrink the size of future storage mediums by an order of magnitude.
The ability to read and write one bit of data on one atom creates new possibilities for developing smaller and denser storage devices, according to IBM. The microscope also uses liquid helium for cooling that allows the atoms to retain their magnetic orientations long enough to be written and read reliably. If a technique could be found to commercialize their single-atom approach, they further note, it would allow for holding something as massive as Apple's iTunes library of songs on something as small as a credit card.
Holmium atoms have also got another important characteristic: They can be packed very closely together, which could pave the wave for tiny high-density storage systems. Studies by the scanning tunneling microscope will investigate the potential to perform information processing with the help of individual magnetic atoms. But magnetic storage, the technique already used in tapes, disk drives, and flash, has the advantage of being solid state, so it doesn't require moving atoms around, said Christopher Lutz, the nanosciences researcher who led the IBM project. Computers, data hubs and personal gizmos can be made so small that they nearly seem to disappear on the material scale of magnitude. Of course, this type of research doesn't yield consumer products right out of the gate, and it will likely be years before we see what devices, if any, can actually make use of this new, radically dense storage technology. The IBM researchers used the needle point of a powerful microscope to pass the electrical current towards the holmium atoms.
Given that all magnets have two poles, their orientation can be used to determine whether an atom is a 0 or a 1.
IBM managed to cram a data in a single atom; it's a direction that's not yet practical, but data storage is headed that way nevertheless, CNET reported. This is the ultimate storage feat - one bit on one magnetic atom.
The boffins show that two magnetic atoms could be written and read independently when separated by one nanometer.
Smith's best season came in 2013 when he caught 65 balls for 1,128 yards and four touchdowns for the Ravens. The Cleveland Browns, New York Giants, and Tennessee Titans also could be in the market for wideout help.
UP ATS chief Aseem Arun told reporters that the police outside had heard the cocking of a pistol and believed he was armed. Senior Railway and police officials also rushed to the scene, as did a team of forensic experts and a dog squad.
Glamour serves up "quick talking points" so women can more effectively communicate with men about what this day means. Organizers of the massive Women's March on Washington in January are spearheading " A Day without a Woman ".
He was arrested in 2014 and accused of being a member of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist), but denied any involvement. It has been proven by the court that he was in touch with the Maoists hiding in jungles and used to work for them from the city.
The spiritual leader's quip came during a playful and insightful interview with John Oliver, host of TV show Last Week Tonight. The animosity between the two sides centres on control over Tibetan Buddhism - with reincarnation at the heart of the debate.
He has reportedly plowed more than $500 million into Blue Origin, which has only received a small amount of funding from NASA. He did not clarify where the BE-4 is headed, but the likeliest destination is Blue Origin's test site in West Texas.
That's why Saudi Arabia does not support OPEC intervening to alleviate the impacts of long-term structural imbalances", he said. That was the message of the International Energy Agency as the CERAWeek energy conference kicked off in Houston.
Appealing to people to turn up in large numbers to vote for AAP, he said, "One person should tell 100 people to vote for the AAP". He further said, "Last time, the people gave us a historic 67 out of 70 seats in the Delhi Assembly Elections".
Mumps outbreak continues, Tri-County warns
A probable case also can involve someone who has been linked to another probable or confirmed case, he said. Mumps is passed through saliva and mucus, especially by sharing cups or other items, officials said.